A few days ago the section of the bed that gets potatoes was fertilized and turned over with a shovel. The ground was tilled with the little Earthquake tiller/cultivator to break up the clayish clods. The tiller has a 43cc 2-stroke motor, not much but it does the job, and it's light enough to pick up and set in a raised bed.
With the extra space the patch for the potatoes is a little larger this year, enough for 4 rows. I marked off the rows at 21 inches apart. A board was laid down to reach the inside rows without compacting the soil. After dusting the seedling potatoes with sulfur they were planted a foot apart in the row. I dug a hole for each potato with the tool shown and dropped it in, about 5 inches deep. There are 3 rows of Red Pontiac and 1 row of Kennebec.
Once planted some sulfur dust was sprinkled on top. For some reason squirrels like to get in and dig up the potatoes, which they won't eat because they are dusted with sulfur. The sulfur on the soil surface seems to deter them, and it may help bring down the pH of an alkaline soil.
Mulching the potato patch was next. Last fall two 4' by 8' beds were covered with a layer of shredded leaves. Actually these beds were first layered with some compost, then covered with landscape fabric, then with the leaves. I wanted to see if earthworms would thrive beneath the insulating layer of leaves and mix the compost into the soil, saving me the work.
I raked off the leaves and pulled away the landscape fabric. There were actually a number of earthworms laying on the surface of the soil, although they quickly burrowed underground. I tested the soil with a hoe and found that it was nicely loose and friable. When it's time to set in the tomatoes and peppers I plan to spread some fertilizer on the surface and plant the seedlings. No tilling or turning over the soil, which will only bring weed seeds to the surface. It's an attempt to transition over to no-till gardening.
When I dig up the potatoes this summer, the leaves, which will be about half-decomposed, will be put into the compost bin.